Lily won’t come when called.
The word here is Won’t. Lily hears. Lily understands. Lily decides not to.
She has been taken to special recall classes and was a star pupil in that environment.
Eighteen month old cream German Shepherd Lily and was a joy to meet. She had the ideal start in life. Her mother and father were both friendly family pets so she has inherited great genes temperamentally.
I don’t see a fair example of dogs, particularly German Shepherds, because I go to help sort out problems. It’s was real treat to be welcomed so happily.
The problem with Lily is that she won’t come when called.
Lily has got out of the front door. She then ran from garden to garden as the lady called her frantically. She sat in the middle of the road and just looked at her. Eventually a neighbour caught her.
What brought this to a head is that recently Lily got into a field full of cows and was chasing and barking at them. What a nightmare! She had run off, out of the field they were in and into a cow field. The lady, uselessly, was running after her, shouting for her to come back.
The lady loves to see her beautiful young dog running freely but that can no longer be possible if she won’t come when called. People with children can be intimidated as can someone with a small or nervous dog when a large dog runs up to them, barking.
So long as she’s off lead she loves other dogs. On lead, she will lunge and bark.
The fact Lily won’t come when called on walks will be part of a bigger picture. I did a bit of digging (something Lily likes to do but that’s another story!).
Lily won’t come when called in from the garden.
When out in the garden, particularly at bed time, young Lily won’t come in until she is ready. She may even enjoy refusing – playing games, teasing.
If she won’t come in from the garden when called, then there is little hope that she will come away from a rabbit running towards a road when they are out.
That Lily often won’t come when called isn’t due to lack of ‘training’. Good recall is about motivation and habit. Lily is constantly rehearsing not coming when called. She understands what is wanted and then decides to comply when she is ready.
When off lead, Lily may sometimes chase off people on bikes, people with dogs on lead or children – or cows. She is rehearsing this same behaviour at home by barking at people passing her garden fence. It works and the people go.
Despite training classes, Lily is such a puller that the lady can’t cope without using a Gentle Leader head halter.
She showed me what Lily does when she picks it up. The dog runs away from it. She hates it. This in itself is an eye-opener. It’s like she is being called for punishment.
Lily doesn’t display the usual doggy joy preceding a walk.
She walks down the street, restrained by something that is uncomfortable and makes her feel trapped. Stress builds in both her and the lady. Now she may react to a dog, something she never does if off lead and the dog is free too. She is held tight by the nose. More stress.
Then….off lead at last…she has freedom!
She runs. She plays with other dogs.
Then lady calls her. She won’t come back.
If I were Lily I wouldn’t want to come back to have the leash attached to that head halter again.
Lily will be introduced to a Perfect Fit harness and learn to walk nicely on a loose and longish lead – in total comfort. With a little work, both will enjoy walks a lot more.
At home Lily must lose her freedom in the garden. No more rehearsing the unwanted behaviour. She can be out on a long line (or retractable lead to avoid tangling) so recall is no longer optional. The lady will call her in immediately each time she barks.
Lily will be paid for coming. She will always be rewarded with food as she steps over the threshold.
Lily simply must lose opportunity to rehearse chasing dogs away and ignoring being called in – for a some time.
Indoors the lady has work to do too. She will repeatedly call Lily and reward her, ‘Lily Come’. Lily can earn some of her food. She can be ‘programmed’ to come to a whistle which hasn’t a history of being ignored, with constant repetition and reward.
In open spaces the long line will be attached to the harness so she can have partial freedom. Now the recall work can really begin – building on what they are already doing at home. Lots of repetition and lots of reinforcement.
To come back when called must be worthwhile to Lily.
Being called should never herald ‘time to go home’, or ‘I see another dog’. It must be random as can the reward. It need not always be food.
Lily will lose the option to decide ‘no, I won’t come when called’, because she will be on the line.
Importantly, her brain and her life will be enriched in every way possible with stimulating activities to compensate for what she lacks in off-lead freedom.
Dogs that freelance can cause real problems for other people, dogs, and other animals. We do things the wrong way around. We give our puppies freedom (puppies tend to stay close), and as they become teenagers, too late we then try to rein them in!
It’s so much better to give puppy very little freedom and gradually introduce more distance in a controlled way, reinforcing recall constantly. We are prepared for some teenage rebellion and having to reintroduce temporary restrictions! Lily is still an adolescent too.
Recall is recall. Recall is not ‘come when you are ready’.
Reliable recall is the key to freedom.