The situation German Shepherd Lily has lived in for the first four years of her life has not been happy for her young lady owner, nor really for Lily either. She has now moved back home to her family and after just four months Lily is happier too. During this time they have had two different trainers to advise them. The trainers had totally opposing methods, one believing in punishment and dominance and the other reward-based more like myself.
There is currently a muddling mix of input for Lily.
The problem that has most impact on the family is her excessive barking at people who come to the house. I had asked them to ignore her so I could see what she did. It went on and on and on! I tried various things. Then the young lady showed me what she normally did and the picture started to become clear. She had been taught a routine to get Lily to settle, involving a mix of actions, tricks and rewards until she lies down and is quiet. She doesn’t stay down, though, so she gets scolded and NO until the routine is started over again in order to make her quiet again.
I found Lily’s barking different from most dogs that do this. Although it was doubtless fear-based to some extent, she wasn’t that fearful. We tried various things until I worked it out that the dog was actually barking for the attention she gets in terms of the routine of attention, commands and rewards! Inderectly she is being taught to bark.
It is always a good idea to give a dog an alternative behaviour that is incompatible with the behaviour you want to eradicate, but in this case the alternative behaviour itself has gradually become the reinforcer for barking. The alternative needs to end up being something the dog will do if her own accord and not dependent upon all that owner input – to lie down quietly.
They have tried everything they can think of – except recognising the things that are really reinforcing the barking – and removing them. It’s also essential that Lily has confidence and respect in her humans in terms of responsibility for comings and goings – which is not earned by a confusing mix of fussing her, excited play and then harsh commands and negatives like LEAVE and NO.
Now they at least have a tool for stopping the barking, so it can be a starting point to build upon. They need to move forward. We have a new plan, taking it one small increment at a time – gradually cutting down the ‘routine’ until she can simply be left to settle without commands, reinforcing only quiet behaviour until she learns what is required and finds that rewarding.
Like all dogs that are reactive to people coming into the house, they need to have plenty of visitors to practise on!